British nuclear weapons: Do we really need them?

The interest of nuclear weapons in the UK has been revived due to the rise of Corbyn who does not believe in nuclear weapons, and because of MPs voting to renew trident at a cost of billions which could have been used to fund the NHS, or help the most vulnerable people in our society. Ultimately, the threat of North Korea and other hostile states trying to acquire nuclear weapons has fast streamed the nuclear weapons debate at the front of British political debate. Continue reading British nuclear weapons: Do we really need them?

Hobbes and the Social Contract

In the year 1651, Thomas Hobbes’ theory of Social Contract ‘appeared for the first time in Leviathan’[1] during the civil war in Britain. According to Hobbes before the Social Contract men in a state of nature were living with fear due to life being ‘nasty’ and ‘brutish’. Whilst there are many advantages of Hobbes’s concept this essay postulates that his concept is redundant and has too many impediments for it to be deployed in today’s world. Continue reading Hobbes and the Social Contract

Rousseau and the Social contract

The Social Contract is a book written in 1762 in which ‘Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality’[1]. Whilst Rousseau makes a compelling case for a Social Contract this essay believes that his concept is too outdated and has too many drawbacks for it to be utilised in today’s world. Continue reading Rousseau and the Social contract

The Pakistani Puzzle

Pakistan has for year’s maintained international denial when it comes to terrorism, denouncing it every time when the subject of terrorism pops up. However, secretly the Pakistani government has used terrorist groups that are based in Pakistan, in order to reach its strategic goal especially when it comes to Afghanistan. An example of Pakistan using a terrorist group to reach its strategic goal is Afghanistan, where they have been using the Taliban as a proxy against the old enemy, India. However, as Ashraf Jehangir Qazi, a former Pakistani ambassador to China, India and the US, has said “relying on the Taliban to provide leverage is demonstrably stupid”. Continue reading The Pakistani Puzzle

The enigma of North Korea

North Korea’s explosion of the hydrogen bomb had a magnitude of 6.3 which is by far the biggest the country has exploded, as measured by ‘The US Geological Survey’. The explosion has further increased tension in the area with both Japan and South Korea denouncing it as hostile. South Korean President Moon Jae-in called for the “strongest possible” response, including new UN Security Council sanctions to “completely isolate” the country as said by the BBC.  With North Korea repeatedly defying UN sanctions the UK,US,France, Japan and South Korea requested an emergency session of the Security Council after the test. Continue reading The enigma of North Korea

Are free markets compatible with individual freedom?

Free markets mean an economic system where private businesses are able to determine prices in order to compete with other businesses. Some argue that free markets are compatible with individual freedom whilst others argue that free markets are not compatible with individual freedom. This essay will explore both avenues and come up with a conclusion. Liberals will argue that free markets are compatible with individual freedom because “individuals have the autonomy to direct their own actions unless they voluntarily agree to follow the orders of someone else”[1] and this is comes under individual freedom that liberals believe in. Secondly, in … Continue reading Are free markets compatible with individual freedom?

Why is Marxism still relevant?

Marxism is the political and economic theories of Karl Marx which was then developed by Marx followers to form the basis of communism. In this essay we will be talking about the political impact and the economic impact of Marxism and how it offers a good critique to capitalism. In addition, we will discuss what Marx has discovered economically that makes it such an effective critique of capitalism and finally there will be a conclusion at the end. Continue reading Why is Marxism still relevant?

To what extent do nuclear weapons support international peace?

Some argue that nuclear weapons provide deterrence and this keeps states from attacking each other however, others argue that in an ever-increasing hostile world miscalculation can lead to nuclear war thus making the deterrence system useless. Nuclear weapons, some argue, are used for symbols of power which is why it has not been used since Nagasaki and Hiroshima however; others say that the rise of terrorist groups has increased the chances of them gaining their hands on these weapons thus making nuclear weapons dangerous. The theory of ‘balance of power’ has created stability and peace and has brought about nuclear statesmanship showing how nuclear weapons support international peace. But, the recent trend of states making useable nuclear weapons shows how dangerous these weapons can be. On the basis of points this essay raises it concludes that nuclear weapons ultimately supports international peace. Continue reading To what extent do nuclear weapons support international peace?

Decoding Syria and its future

This is a very complex war with many factors playing into this such as the Sunni and Shia divide, Assad, Russia and America, Iran and Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah, ISIS etc. Simply putting blame on one thing is foolish, unless you’re Donald Trump, which is why this war is so complex, and unfortunately, this is the reason why I believe that the Syrian war will continue until the unforeseeable future. Continue reading Decoding Syria and its future

Is feminism still needed?

Women are more likely to face sexual harassment than men and nearly one in three women have faced sexual harassment in work which shows how feminism is still needed. In addition, the “UK wage gap between men and women is 19.1%”[1] which shows how women are working for lower wages for the same job and this shows the discrimination that women still face in the work place. Moreover, misogyny is still ubiquitous and this can be seen in relationships between a man and women especially in developing countries such as Afghanistan or Pakistan. In addition, cat calling from men towards women still shows how on a social level feminism is needed add to this the inequality that exists in government then it is not hard to see why feminism is needed even thou women are free. The objectification of women in sectors such as modelling etc further exemplifies how equality for women still needs improvements. Continue reading Is feminism still needed?