In the year 1651, Thomas Hobbes’ theory of Social Contract ‘appeared for the first time in Leviathan’ during the civil war in Britain. According to Hobbes before the Social Contract men in a state of nature were living with fear due to life being ‘nasty’ and ‘brutish’. Whilst there are many advantages of Hobbes’s concept this essay postulates that his concept is redundant and has too many impediments for it to be deployed in today’s world. Continue reading Hobbes and the Social Contract
Pakistan has for year’s maintained international denial when it comes to terrorism, denouncing it every time when the subject of terrorism pops up. However, secretly the Pakistani government has used terrorist groups that are based in Pakistan, in order to reach its strategic goal especially when it comes to Afghanistan. An example of Pakistan using a terrorist group to reach its strategic goal is Afghanistan, where they have been using the Taliban as a proxy against the old enemy, India. However, as Ashraf Jehangir Qazi, a former Pakistani ambassador to China, India and the US, has said “relying on the Taliban to provide leverage is demonstrably stupid”. Continue reading The Pakistani Puzzle
Feminism is the advocacy of women’s right on the ground of the equality of sexes. The word free means doing something without someone controlling you but in this essay we will describe free as doing something without society judging you. In this essay I will talk about three different types of feminism; Liberal, Marxist and Radical and whether they believe feminism is still needed and finally I will give a conclusion. Continue reading Is feminism still needed now that women are free?
After 9/11 the US initiated the ‘war on terror’ of which one of them was Afghanistan, a country accused of hiding Bin Laden and being the headquarters of Al-Qaeda that helped incur a devastating attack on the US. Continue reading Afghanistan – A Never Ending War?
Some argue that nuclear weapons provide deterrence and this keeps states from attacking each other however, others argue that in an ever-increasing hostile world miscalculation can lead to nuclear war thus making the deterrence system useless. Nuclear weapons, some argue, are used for symbols of power which is why it has not been used since Nagasaki and Hiroshima however; others say that the rise of terrorist groups has increased the chances of them gaining their hands on these weapons thus making nuclear weapons dangerous. The theory of ‘balance of power’ has created stability and peace and has brought about nuclear statesmanship showing how nuclear weapons support international peace. But, the recent trend of states making useable nuclear weapons shows how dangerous these weapons can be. On the basis of points this essay raises it concludes that nuclear weapons ultimately supports international peace. Continue reading To what extent do nuclear weapons support international peace?
Women are more likely to face sexual harassment than men and nearly one in three women have faced sexual harassment in work which shows how feminism is still needed. In addition, the “UK wage gap between men and women is 19.1%” which shows how women are working for lower wages for the same job and this shows the discrimination that women still face in the work place. Moreover, misogyny is still ubiquitous and this can be seen in relationships between a man and women especially in developing countries such as Afghanistan or Pakistan. In addition, cat calling from men towards women still shows how on a social level feminism is needed add to this the inequality that exists in government then it is not hard to see why feminism is needed even thou women are free. The objectification of women in sectors such as modelling etc further exemplifies how equality for women still needs improvements. Continue reading Is feminism still needed?