Definition of ‘terrorism’

The definition of terrorism has been numerous and controversial at the same time. This essay will try and define the word ‘terrorism’ more clinically. Firstly, this essay will give background information of ‘terrorism’ and provide a definition which it believes is more clinical. Secondly, this essay will discuss the word ‘calculated’. Thirdly, the phrase ‘violence against non-belligerents’ will be discussed. Fourthly, the phrase ‘change the political, religious or other ideological landscape’ will be evaluated. Fifthly, the actors of the definition ‘individual, group or state’ will be assessed. Sixthly, the reasons for the exclusion of civilian, non-combatant, innocent, victim, illegal & illegitimate will be answered. Finally, a conclusion will be drawn. In each paragraph this essay will evaluate the strength and weakness and support it with relevant examples. Continue reading Definition of ‘terrorism’

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Foreign Policy Analysis Essay: Why did Obama authorise a troop surge in Afghanistan?

The purpose of this research is to examine the decision making process that led to Obama’s decision to authorise a troop surge in Afghanistan. The opinion of this research is that Obama authorised the troop surge because he wanted to eliminate Al Qaeda and the Taliban and stop these groups from using Afghanistan as a base to attack the US. This research will analyse in the following order: rational actor model, bureaucratic model and belief set to present a convincing explanation of the decision making of the troop surge. Ultimately, the research concluded that the belief set is the most significant factor of Obama’s decision making process. This research is important because there has been very little literature on the significance of Obama’s belief set in the decision making leading to the troop surge. Continue reading Foreign Policy Analysis Essay: Why did Obama authorise a troop surge in Afghanistan?

British nuclear weapons: Do we really need them?

The interest of nuclear weapons in the UK has been revived due to the rise of Corbyn who does not believe in nuclear weapons, and because of MPs voting to renew trident at a cost of billions which could have been used to fund the NHS, or help the most vulnerable people in our society. Ultimately, the threat of North Korea and other hostile states trying to acquire nuclear weapons has fast streamed the nuclear weapons debate at the front of British political debate. Continue reading British nuclear weapons: Do we really need them?

Hobbes and the Social Contract

In the year 1651, Thomas Hobbes’ theory of Social Contract ‘appeared for the first time in Leviathan’[1] during the civil war in Britain. According to Hobbes before the Social Contract men in a state of nature were living with fear due to life being ‘nasty’ and ‘brutish’. Whilst there are many advantages of Hobbes’s concept this essay postulates that his concept is redundant and has too many impediments for it to be deployed in today’s world. Continue reading Hobbes and the Social Contract

Rousseau and the Social contract

The Social Contract is a book written in 1762 in which ‘Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality’[1]. Whilst Rousseau makes a compelling case for a Social Contract this essay believes that his concept is too outdated and has too many drawbacks for it to be utilised in today’s world. Continue reading Rousseau and the Social contract

The Pakistani Puzzle

Pakistan has for year’s maintained international denial when it comes to terrorism, denouncing it every time when the subject of terrorism pops up. However, secretly the Pakistani government has used terrorist groups that are based in Pakistan, in order to reach its strategic goal especially when it comes to Afghanistan. An example of Pakistan using a terrorist group to reach its strategic goal is Afghanistan, where they have been using the Taliban as a proxy against the old enemy, India. However, as Ashraf Jehangir Qazi, a former Pakistani ambassador to China, India and the US, has said “relying on the Taliban to provide leverage is demonstrably stupid”. Continue reading The Pakistani Puzzle

The enigma of North Korea

North Korea’s explosion of the hydrogen bomb had a magnitude of 6.3 which is by far the biggest the country has exploded, as measured by ‘The US Geological Survey’. The explosion has further increased tension in the area with both Japan and South Korea denouncing it as hostile. South Korean President Moon Jae-in called for the “strongest possible” response, including new UN Security Council sanctions to “completely isolate” the country as said by the BBC.  With North Korea repeatedly defying UN sanctions the UK,US,France, Japan and South Korea requested an emergency session of the Security Council after the test. Continue reading The enigma of North Korea