Foreign Policy Analysis Essay: Why did Obama authorise a troop surge in Afghanistan?

The purpose of this research is to examine the decision making process that led to Obama’s decision to authorise a troop surge in Afghanistan. The opinion of this research is that Obama authorised the troop surge because he wanted to eliminate Al Qaeda and the Taliban and stop these groups from using Afghanistan as a base to attack the US. This research will analyse in the following order: rational actor model, bureaucratic model and belief set to present a convincing explanation of the decision making of the troop surge. Ultimately, the research concluded that the belief set is the most significant factor of Obama’s decision making process. This research is important because there has been very little literature on the significance of Obama’s belief set in the decision making leading to the troop surge. Continue reading Foreign Policy Analysis Essay: Why did Obama authorise a troop surge in Afghanistan?

British nuclear weapons: Do we really need them?

The interest of nuclear weapons in the UK has been revived due to the rise of Corbyn who does not believe in nuclear weapons, and because of MPs voting to renew trident at a cost of billions which could have been used to fund the NHS, or help the most vulnerable people in our society. Ultimately, the threat of North Korea and other hostile states trying to acquire nuclear weapons has fast streamed the nuclear weapons debate at the front of British political debate. Continue reading British nuclear weapons: Do we really need them?

Hobbes and the Social Contract

In the year 1651, Thomas Hobbes’ theory of Social Contract ‘appeared for the first time in Leviathan’[1] during the civil war in Britain. According to Hobbes before the Social Contract men in a state of nature were living with fear due to life being ‘nasty’ and ‘brutish’. Whilst there are many advantages of Hobbes’s concept this essay postulates that his concept is redundant and has too many impediments for it to be deployed in today’s world. Continue reading Hobbes and the Social Contract

The Pakistani Puzzle

Pakistan has for year’s maintained international denial when it comes to terrorism, denouncing it every time when the subject of terrorism pops up. However, secretly the Pakistani government has used terrorist groups that are based in Pakistan, in order to reach its strategic goal especially when it comes to Afghanistan. An example of Pakistan using a terrorist group to reach its strategic goal is Afghanistan, where they have been using the Taliban as a proxy against the old enemy, India. However, as Ashraf Jehangir Qazi, a former Pakistani ambassador to China, India and the US, has said “relying on the Taliban to provide leverage is demonstrably stupid”. Continue reading The Pakistani Puzzle

The enigma of North Korea

North Korea’s explosion of the hydrogen bomb had a magnitude of 6.3 which is by far the biggest the country has exploded, as measured by ‘The US Geological Survey’. The explosion has further increased tension in the area with both Japan and South Korea denouncing it as hostile. South Korean President Moon Jae-in called for the “strongest possible” response, including new UN Security Council sanctions to “completely isolate” the country as said by the BBC.  With North Korea repeatedly defying UN sanctions the UK,US,France, Japan and South Korea requested an emergency session of the Security Council after the test. Continue reading The enigma of North Korea

Tuition Fees

Tuition Fees are going to increase to £9,250 this year and interest rates on student loans will increase to 6.1% from this autumn. This is an absolute disgrace to hard working students who will have interest rates of 6.1% starting at the start of the academic year before they have graduated or got a job. Continue reading Tuition Fees

Are free markets compatible with individual freedom?

Free markets mean an economic system where private businesses are able to determine prices in order to compete with other businesses. Some argue that free markets are compatible with individual freedom whilst others argue that free markets are not compatible with individual freedom. This essay will explore both avenues and come up with a conclusion. Liberals will argue that free markets are compatible with individual freedom because “individuals have the autonomy to direct their own actions unless they voluntarily agree to follow the orders of someone else”[1] and this is comes under individual freedom that liberals believe in. Secondly, in … Continue reading Are free markets compatible with individual freedom?

Why is Marxism still relevant?

Marxism is the political and economic theories of Karl Marx which was then developed by Marx followers to form the basis of communism. In this essay we will be talking about the political impact and the economic impact of Marxism and how it offers a good critique to capitalism. In addition, we will discuss what Marx has discovered economically that makes it such an effective critique of capitalism and finally there will be a conclusion at the end. Continue reading Why is Marxism still relevant?

What are the main differences between Fascism in the 1930s and today?

Fascism in the 1930s believed in racial (biological) superiority, had a cult personality, included a lot of symbolism and was very anti communist. Fascism today is more directed at immigration, specifically Muslims, and is more anti globalization. In addition, this essay will be arguing if fascist ideology has entered mainstream politics which will be incorporated with the conclusion at the end. Continue reading What are the main differences between Fascism in the 1930s and today?

Should states require the assimilation of cultural minority groups?

The word assimilation, in the context of this question, means “the process of becoming similar.” Some argue that the state should not require the assimilation of cultural minority groups whilst others argue otherwise. The main debate central to this question is whether states should follow the assimilation model, as this question presents, or follow the multiculturalism model, which is a model followed by many western nations today. This essay will provide opposing views and come up with a conclusion. Continue reading Should states require the assimilation of cultural minority groups?

Explain one process theory and evaluate its practical usefulness for a team?

According to Steers and Porters (1979) motivation is defined as the force that initiates, energizes, drives and directs our behaviour towards a goal or a desired outcome. Motivation is key for any business or corporation to be successful as a motivated team will be able to achieve their goals and succeed unlike an unmotivated team who will most likely not succeed in achieving their goals. Process theories, as Hellriegel,Slocum & Woodman explains, try to describe and analyse how personal factors influence the person to produce certain kinds of behaviour. An example can be when a person tries harder to obtain rewards that gratify their needs than to obtain rewards that do not. The four best known process theories are expectancy, reinforcement, equity and goal setting however for this essay I will be evaluating the Equity theory. Continue reading Explain one process theory and evaluate its practical usefulness for a team?

To what extent do nuclear weapons support international peace?

Some argue that nuclear weapons provide deterrence and this keeps states from attacking each other however, others argue that in an ever-increasing hostile world miscalculation can lead to nuclear war thus making the deterrence system useless. Nuclear weapons, some argue, are used for symbols of power which is why it has not been used since Nagasaki and Hiroshima however; others say that the rise of terrorist groups has increased the chances of them gaining their hands on these weapons thus making nuclear weapons dangerous. The theory of ‘balance of power’ has created stability and peace and has brought about nuclear statesmanship showing how nuclear weapons support international peace. But, the recent trend of states making useable nuclear weapons shows how dangerous these weapons can be. On the basis of points this essay raises it concludes that nuclear weapons ultimately supports international peace. Continue reading To what extent do nuclear weapons support international peace?