According to Steers and Porters (1979) motivation is defined as the force that initiates, energizes, drives and directs our behaviour towards a goal or a desired outcome. Motivation is key for any business or corporation to be successful as a motivated team will be able to achieve their goals and succeed unlike an unmotivated team who will most likely not succeed in achieving their goals. Process theories, as Hellriegel,Slocum & Woodman explains, try to describe and analyse how personal factors influence the person to produce certain kinds of behaviour. An example can be when a person tries harder to obtain rewards that gratify their needs than to obtain rewards that do not. The four best known process theories are expectancy, reinforcement, equity and goal setting however for this essay I will be evaluating the Equity theory. Continue reading Explain one process theory and evaluate its practical usefulness for a team?
Personality has been defined as “the psychological qualities that influence an individual’s characteristic behaviour patterns in a stable and distinctive manner” (Huczynski and Buchanan, 2010). Personality is a complex subject that has been approached in numerous ways; indeed, it is impossible to say if one school of thought contains any more truth than the other. I will be comparing and contrasting nomothetic and idiographic approaches, and will discuss the value and practical applications of each, providing an example of theories that adopt each approach according to it’s own merit. Continue reading Compare and contrast two different approaches to personality